互联网,用户增长,改行晒娃。

第十人理论(the 10th man)-犹太-以色列

2013-09-09

第十人理论(the 10th man)-犹太-以色列
“Jurgen Warmbrunn,摩萨德的高级管理人员,理性,高效且乐观,但是,你却因为在信号里读到了僵尸一词就开始大兴土木?”
“这种消息我当然也会怀疑,在20世纪30年代,犹太人不相信他们会被关进集中营;1972年,人们也不愿意相信慕尼黑奥运大屠杀;1973年10月第四次中东战争爆发前的一个月,我们眼看着阿军的行动,但是没有人认为那是一种威胁,一个月后,阿军差点让我们溃不成军,所以我们决定作出改变。” “什么改变?” “第十人理论,如果我们九人读相同的信息,而得出同样的结论,第十人要做的就是提出异议,不管看上去有多不合理,第十个人得考虑另外九个人都错了的特例。”
“你是第十个。” “没错。”

World War Z(僵尸世界大战) 里面提到 第十人理论,实际上确实存在,不过不是这个名字,援引资料:

The Israeli military does indeed have a similar doctrine but it is not called the 10th man doctrine.
Intelligence is all about piecing together information amassed from a variety of sources. Like any puzzle in earlier stages, some pieces can be misinterpreted, which could lead to a cascading effect of incorrectly interpreted information. After the Yom Kippur War (1973), the IDF’s Intelligence Directorate created a Red Team, a devil’s advocate team that can challenge prevalent assumptions within intelligence bodies.

The unit is a small and elite one that consists primarily of officers with academic backgrounds. One of the key elements is access. The officers have unfettered access to information through the military and are capable of tendering reports to senior levels – even reaching above the major general who commands military intelligence. The combination of access to information and the ability to challenge hypotheses by going above the command chain is critical in providing a control for intelligence reports.

The unit’s tag line is based on the classic “He who dares, wins”used by the SAS, and changed to “He who thinks, wins”. The unit is also referred to occasionally as “Ipcha Mistabra”, an Aramaic term popular in the Jewish Talmud that means “on the contrary, it appears that…”

相关介绍的文档可以这里查看

Author:NARKU | Categories:产品 | Tags:

Comments are closed.